The study “Effects of Farinelli Breathing Exercise on Respiratory Function and Symptoms in Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease” by Supawit Ittinirundorn and colleagues is a significant investigation into the use of Farinelli Breathing (FB) exercises for managing Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). It compares the effectiveness of FB with traditional Diaphragmatic Breathing (DB) exercises.
Methodology and Participant Profile
The study involved 16 patients, aged 51 to 80, who had mild to moderate COPD. They were divided into two groups to participate in an 8-week breathing exercise program. The research aimed to assess changes in respiratory functions, symptoms of COPD, cytokine levels, and oxidative stress.
Significant Findings and Outcomes
Both groups showed significant improvements in respiratory functions and symptoms of COPD. However, the FB group exhibited more substantial improvements in maximal inspiratory pressure (MIP), maximal expiratory pressure (MEP), maximum oxygen consumption (VO2max), and decreased levels of tumor necrosis factor-α and malondialdehyde. These results suggest a reduction in inflammation and oxidative stress, with the FB group outperforming the DB group in several measures.
Comparison of FB and DB Techniques
Farinelli Breathing, commonly practiced by singers, involves controlled inhalation, suspension, and expiration phases. This study is pioneering in applying and comparing the effects of FB and DB exercises in COPD patients, providing new insights into alternative breathing techniques for pulmonary rehabilitation.
Implications for COPD Management
The findings indicate that Farinelli Breathing could be a valuable addition to pulmonary rehabilitation programs for COPD patients, offering an effective alternative to traditional breathing exercises.
Conclusions and Recommendations for Practice
The study concludes that Farinelli Breathing exercises can significantly improve respiratory function and alleviate symptoms in COPD patients. This research paves the way for incorporating diverse breathing techniques into COPD management strategies, potentially improving patient care and enhancing the quality of life for those affected by this condition.